Define Collective Agreement

Horizontal and Vertical Collective Agreements The Collective Relations Act distinguishes horizontal collective agreements, i.e. professional agreements that cover a group of workers identified for a particular occupation or job (. B, for example, an agreement for pilots) and vertical collective agreements, that is, . Sectoral agreements governing workers` industrial and labour relations, set for all employees in a particular sector (. B for example, an agreement for the textile industry or the banking sector). In Article 12, the law gives priority to vertical agreements which stipulate that they enter into force after publication and denounce horizontal agreements, even if the minimum duration of these agreements is not respected. This priority assumes, of course, that an organization that has signed the horizontal contract that has been terminated is also a party to the new vertical agreement, because only if this is the case will the relevant principles in terms of the right to negotiate and the scope of collective agreements can be respected. This is generally the case, as many vertical agreements are signed by a large number of primary unions, which may include trade unions. To see conflict between collective agreements .

Before the union can enter into collective bargaining, it must be certified by the Labour Council. In a short period of time after the certification is received, the union will begin collective bargaining (or negotiations) with the employer. The aim of the negotiations is to reach agreement on the many issues that can be included in the agreement. Procedures for the application of workers` rights are also defined in collective agreements. It is the union`s responsibility to enforce workers` rights by filing a complaint and, if necessary, pursuing the matter before arbitration. As a general rule, workers must apply for union representation to assert their rights when a complaint is rejected by their direct supervisor. The exact process of filing a complaint, and even the continuation of conciliation, varies in different collective agreements. For more information on appeal and arbitration procedures, see the appeal and arbitration procedure. For more information on collective agreements, visit the Ministry of Labour, Training and Skills Development website. For federal affairs, see the Government of Canada`s public sector collective agreements website. Portuguese law distinguishes three types of collective agreements according to the nature of the signatories on the employer side (Article 2, Collective Labour Relations Act): association agreements negotiated by employers` organisations; multi-employer agreements negotiated by a number of employers who, whether or not they are members of employer organizations, do not act through any association to negotiate the agreement in question; Agreements concluded at the company level by a single employer.

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